Grade 2 Science

What your child will learn and do in Grade 2 Science

In grade two, students continue to develop a sense of wonder and curiosity about the real (natural) and designed world (man made). Recognizing that scientific knowledge and practices build over time, at this grade level  students are further introduced and are becoming more independent when investigating and asking questions about their world. Students are able to construct explanations how the real and the designed world work.  Students use evidence they collect to explain phenomena (simple observable events) to support their thinking and problem solving in the areas of physical, earth, and life sciences, as well as engineering. These experiences provide access for all students to develop scientific awareness.  Activities in these areas include:


  • Making observations and asking questions about their environment

  • Making predictions based on observed patterns

  • Using their senses and simple measuring tools to collect data

  • Planning and conducting  fair investigations 

  • Comparing and contrasting the properties that distinguish solids, liquids, and gases

  • Exploring the effects of heating and cooling on materials  

  • Investigating how the properties of materials impact how they are used or repurposed (to use for a different format) in the natural and designed world

  • Investigating how ecosystems (the interactions between a community of living organisms in a particular area)  meet the needs of living organisms that live there 

  • Investigating how the processes of pollination ( to take pollen from one plant or part of a plant to another so that new plant seeds can form) and seed dispersal help plants survive 

  • Exploring the effects of water on earth’s surface 

  • Investigating how tools help us understand our environment and make our lives easier


Helping your child learn outside of school:    

Look for everyday opportunities to have your child explore scientific concepts.

  • Plan and grow a vegetable or flower garden at your home.

  • Take your child grocery shopping with you, and have a conversation about where the food you choose comes from.

  • Let your child help you plan and cook the family meals.

  • Share and discuss how you solve problems and use measurement in your everyday life, such as while cooking, building, gardening, or caring for a family pet.

  • Ask your child what they are figuring out and learning about in science. 

  • Ask your students what evidence, or reasons, they have for their ideas. 

  • Watch special science-related television or video programs together.

  • Visit your local library regularly to check out books on science topics that interest your child.

  • Read informational books or magazines together about topics your child is interested in and/or are studying in school. 

  • Visit local nature centers, museums, and science centers.

  • Take a walk  in your neighborhood or in a local park during all times of the year to observe the changes in nature.

  • Provide opportunities to use various tools around the home.

  • Encourage friends and family to give books or magazine subscriptions to your child as gifts.  


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